What is Vitiligo?

We have a pigment present in our skin called melanin (it is also present in our hair and eyes). Melanin is responsible for the color and texture of our skin. White patches or Vitiligo or Leucoderma are caused by a gradual loss of melanin pigment. The skin loses its pigment cells (melanocytes) in Vitiligo. Different parts of the body can develop discolored patches, such as the skin, hair, and mucous membranes.
The Ayurvedic term for vitiligo is Shwitra or Shweta Kushta. According to Ayurveda, vitiligo results from an imbalance mainly of Vata and pitta polluting the skin, muscles, and fatty tissue. Vitiligo is regarded by Ayurveda as a chronic disease that is difficult to treat, but curable at an early stage.
Anyone can experience this at any age, but it is never contiguous.

What are the causes of Vitiligo?

1.Chardivegadharana (suppression of vomiting),
2.Virudhahara (incompatible food)
3.Atibhojanam (excess food consumption),
4.lavanas, madhuras, katu rasa sevanm (to consume excessively sweet, salty, sour, or pungent food)
5.navanna, dadhi, and matsyabhakshanam (to consume new grain, curd, or fish inappropriate intake)
6.vipra-gurus gharshanam (to disrespect elders), papakarma (sinful acts)

What are the symptoms of Vitiligo?

These are some of the symptoms of Vitiligo:
1.Loss of pigmentation in the skin, usually starting on the hands, face, and around the genitals and body openings
2.Greying or whitening of your hair prematurely, particularly on your scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows, or beard
3.A change in the color of the tissues around your mouth and nose (mucous membranes)

Typically, it appears before the age of 30 but can start at any age. There are different types of vitiligo. Depending on what type of vitiligo you have, you may experience these symptoms:
1.The form of vitiligo referred to as universal vitiligo affects nearly all parts of the skin.
2.Generalized vitiligo is the most common type, and it usually progresses similarly on corresponding parts of the body (symmetrically).
3.Another type of vitiligo strikes at a very young age. It is called segmental vitiligo. It progresses for a few years and then stagnates.
4.A localized (focal) vitiligo affects one or a few areas of your skin.
5.affecting the face, hands, and body openings such as the eyes, nose, and ears is commonly called acrofacial vitiligo.

What are the Complications of vitiligo?

Anxiety or depression

Sun damage

Eye disorders

Loss of hearing

Ayurveda treatment for Vitiligo

Ahar ( Diet )

Vihar ( Lifestyle )

Upchar ( Treatment )